Zero Zero to one español pdf means designing and managing products and processes to systematically avoid and eliminate the volume and toxicity of waste and materials, conserve and recover all resources, and not burn or bury them. Zero Waste refers to waste management and planning approaches which emphasize waste prevention as opposed to end-of-pipe waste management.
It is a whole systems approach that aims for a massive change in the way materials flow through society, resulting in no waste. Zero waste is more of a goal or ideal rather than a hard target. Zero Waste provides guiding principles for continually working towards eliminating wastes. Advocates say eliminating waste eliminates pollution, and can also reduce costs due to reduced need for raw materials. Cradle-to-grave is in direct contrast to cradle-to-cradle. Cradle-to-cradle focuses on designing industrial systems so that materials flow in closed loop cycles which mean that waste is minimized, and waste products can be recycled and reused. The cradle-to-cradle model is sustainable and considerate of life and future generations.
The cradle-to-cradle framework has evolved steadily from theory to practice. In the industrial sector, it is creating a new notion of materials and material flows. The spread of industrialization worldwide has been accompanied by a large increase in waste production. In 2012 the World Bank stated that 1.