Concepts of the appropriate role for journalism varies between countries. In some nations, the news media is controlled by a government intervention, and is not a fully independent body. Access to freely available information gathered by independent and competing writing for broadcast journalism pdf enterprises with transparent editorial standards can enable citizens to effectively participate in the political process.
In the United States, journalism is protected by the freedom of the press clause in the First Amendment. This has created a shift in the consumption of print media channels, as people increasingly consume news through e-readers, smartphones, and other electronic devices, challenging news organizations to fully monetize their digital wing, as well as improvise on the context in which they publish news in print. Notably, in the American media landscape, newsrooms have reduced their staff and coverage as traditional media channels, such as television, grapple with declining audiences. For instance, between 2007 and 2012, CNN edited its story packages into nearly half of their original time length. This compactness in coverage has been linked to broad audience attrition, as a large majority of respondents in recent studies show changing preferences in news consumption. Journalistic conventions vary by country. In the United States, journalism is produced by media organizations or by individuals.
Bloggers are often, but not always, journalists. This is to eliminate conflicts of interest and protect consumers. Fake news” is information distributed which is deliberately not truthful or is produced by unreliable organizations. Readers can determine fake news by evaluating whether the news has been published by a credible news organization. All of these organizations have codes of ethics that members abide by.