This is a good article. What is the impact of anxiety on reading comprehension pdf the link for more information. Different people are affected to varying degrees.
Often these difficulties are first noticed at school. Some cases run in families. Dyslexia is diagnosed through a series of tests of memory, spelling, vision, and reading skills. Treatment involves adjusting teaching methods to meet the person’s needs. While not curing the underlying problem, it may decrease the degree of symptoms. Treatments targeting vision are not effective.
Some believe that dyslexia should be best considered as a different way of learning, with both benefits and downsides. Some published definitions are purely descriptive, whereas others propose causes. The latter usually cover a variety of reading skills and deficits, and difficulties with distinct causes rather than a single condition. The British Dyslexia Association definition describes dyslexia as “a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling” and is characterized by “difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed”. There is some variability in the definition of dyslexia. Some sources, such as the U.
National Institutes of Health, define it specifically as a learning disorder. United States, does not specifically define dyslexia, justifying this decision by stating that “the many definitions of dyslexia and dyscalculia meant those terms would not be useful as disorder names or in the diagnostic criteria”. A common myth closely associates dyslexia with mirror writing and reading letters or words backwards. These behaviors are seen in many children as they learn to read and write, and are not considered to be defining characteristics of dyslexia. Difficulties with word retrieval or naming things is also associated with dyslexia. Problems persist into adolescence and adulthood and may accompany difficulties with summarizing stories, memorization, reading aloud, or learning foreign languages.
Dyslexia is often accompanied by several learning disabilities, but it is unclear whether they share underlying neurological causes. In dyslexia, dysgraphia is often multifactorial, due to impaired letter-writing automaticity, organizational and elaborative difficulties, and impaired visual word forming which makes it more difficult to retrieve the visual picture of words required for spelling. A disorder characterized by problems paying attention, excessive activity, or taking action without forethought. Dyslexia and ADHD commonly occur together. A listening disability that affects the ability to process auditory information. Some research indicates that auditory processing skills could be the primary shortfall in dyslexia. Some dyslexics demonstrate less electrical activation in this area.