This is a featured article. Click here for more information. All areas of the world that were ever part of the British The rise and fall of the spanish empire pdf. Current British Overseas Territories have their names underlined in red.
16th and early 18th centuries. British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories. European exploration of the globe, and in the process established large overseas empires. Britain to lose some of its oldest and most populous colonies. British attention soon turned towards Asia, Africa, and the Pacific.
Britain emerged as the principal naval and imperial power of the 19th century. 1851, the country was described as the “workshop of the world”. In Britain, political attitudes favoured free trade and laissez-faire policies and a gradual widening of the voting franchise. During the 19th century, Britain’s population increased at a dramatic rate, accompanied by rapid urbanisation, which caused significant social and economic stresses. Egypt, South Africa, and elsewhere. Canada, Australia, and New Zealand became self-governing dominions. Britain relied heavily upon its empire.
The conflict placed enormous strain on the military, financial and manpower resources of Britain. Although the British Empire achieved its largest territorial extent immediately after World War I, Britain was no longer the world’s pre-eminent industrial or military power. Despite the final victory of Britain and its allies, the damage to British prestige helped to accelerate the decline of the empire. Britain granted independence to most territories of the empire. Hong Kong to China in 1997 marked for many the end of the British Empire. Cabot led another voyage to the Americas the following year but nothing was ever heard of his ships again. England, although no settlers were left behind.
Now at peace with its main rival, English attention shifted from preying on other nations’ colonial infrastructures to the business of establishing its own overseas colonies. 18th century, has subsequently been referred to by some historians as the “First British Empire”. 1604 lasted only two years, and failed in its main objective to find gold deposits. Dutch ships, to sell the slaves and buy the sugar. 1651 that only English ships would be able to ply their trade in English colonies.