The top row shows king, queen, and bishop. The bottom row shows knight, rook, and pawn. 1500 years, although the earliest origins the essential world history volume ii since 1500 pdf uncertain.
When the Arabs conquered Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and subsequently spread to Southern Europe. In Europe, chess evolved into roughly its current form in the 15th century. 15th century to the 1880s. Chess games of this period emphasized more on quick, tactical maneuvers rather than long-term strategic planning.
The Romantic era of play was followed by the Scientific, Hypermodern, and New Dynamism eras. 1970s with the first programmed chess games on the market. Chess remains a highly popular pastime among the general populace. A 2012 survey found that “chess players now make up one of the largest communities in the world: 605 million adults play chess regularly”. 1 and the black king on d8.
These forms are represented by the pieces that would evolve into the modern pawn, knight, bishop, and rook, respectively. These exclamations persisted in chess as it traveled to other lands. From the exclamation “check” or “checkmate” as it was pronounced in various languages. The game reached Western Europe and Russia by at least three routes, the earliest being in the 9th century. By the year 1000 it had spread throughout Europe. Chess spread throughout the world and many variants of the game soon began taking shape.
The game was developed extensively in Europe. A common theory is that India’s development of the board, and chess, was likely due to India’s mathematical enlightenment involving the creation of the number zero. The theory is no longer considered tenable. Indian military strategy of the time. Boat, Horse, and Elephant, or Elephant, Horse, and Camel, but keeping the same moves.