These groups are collectively referred to by various scholars as the “Essenes. 300 BCE until their discovery in 1946. Some scholars dispute the notion that the Essenes wrote the The essene gospel of john pdf Sea Scrolls.
Pliny relates in a few lines that the Essenes do not marry, possess no money, and had existed for thousands of generations. Josephus identified the Essenes as one of the three major Jewish sects of that period. For there are three philosophical sects among the Jews. These last are Jews by birth, and seem to have a greater affection for each other than other sects have. Remains of part of the main building at Qumran. According to Josephus, the Essenes had settled “not in one city” but “in large numbers in every town”.