Archaeologist” and “Archeologist” redirect here. 3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology is particularly important for learning about prehistoric societies, for the archeology of knowledge pdf there may be no written records to study. In broad scope, archaeology relies on cross-disciplinary research.
19th century, and has since become a discipline practiced across the world. Archaeology has been used by nation-states to create particular visions of the past. We speak from facts not theory”. Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. 15th century, for which he has been called an early founder of archaeology.
English countryside, drawing, describing and interpreting the monuments that they encountered. He was also ahead of his time in the analysis of his findings. He attempted to chart the chronological stylistic evolution of handwriting, medieval architecture, costume, and shield-shapes. These excavations began in 1748 in Pompeii, while in Herculaneum they began in 1738.
His approach was highly methodical by the standards of the time, and he is widely regarded as the first scientific archaeologist. This style of arrangement, designed to highlight the evolutionary trends in human artifacts, was of enormous significance for the accurate dating of the objects. I believe the true line of research lies in the noting and comparison of the smallest details. 1920s and 1930s brought the science on swiftly. Archaeology became a professional activity in the first half of the 20th century, and it became possible to study archaeology as a subject in universities and even schools. By the end of the 20th century nearly all professional archaeologists, at least in developed countries, were graduates.