Gurdjieff taught that most humans do not possess a unified mind-emotion-body consciousness, and thus live their lives in a state of hypnotic “waking sleep”, but that it is possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness and achieve full human potential. Both Olga de Hartmann, the woman Gurdjieff called “the first friend of my inner life”, and Louise Goepfert March, Gurdjieff’s secretary in the early 1930s, believed that Gurdjieff was born in 1872. He later acquired “a working facility teachings of gurdjieff a pupil’s journal pdf several European languages”.
The young Gurdjieff avidly read Russian-language scientific literature. Influenced by these writings, and having witnessed a number of phenomena that he could not explain, he formed the conviction that there existed a hidden truth not to be found in science or in mainstream religion. He was always unforthcoming about the source of his teachings. 2 centred in their emotions and No. 3 centred in their minds. On his reappearance, as far as the historical record is concerned, the ragged wanderer had transformed into a well-heeled businessman.
From 1913 to 1949, the chronology appears to be based on material that can be confirmed by primary documents, independent witnesses, cross-references and reasonable inference. Then, he had about 30 pupils. Ouspensky already had a reputation as a writer on mystical subjects and had conducted his own, ultimately disappointing, search for wisdom in the East. The Fourth Way “system” taught during this period was complex and metaphysical, partly expressed in scientific terminology. 1917 to return to his family home in Alexandropol. Russia, where he worked intensively with many of his Russian pupils. Gurdjieff said, “Begin in Russia, End in Russia”.