Arabic word for exegesisor commentary, usually of the Qur’an. The word tafsir is derived from the Arabic root, F-S-R which means to explain, to expound, to tafseer ibne kaseer pdf free download. In Islamic context, it is defined as understanding and uncovering the will of Allah which has been conveyed by the Qur’anic text, by means of the Arabic language and one’s own knowledge. The first examples of tafsir can be traced back to Prophet Muhammad.
During his prophethood, as the Qur’an was revealed to him, he recited the verses to his companions, usually explaining their meanings to teach them. It must be noted that this is one of the prophet’s responsibilities. Indication of names, places, times etc. Although scholars including ibn Taymiyyah claim that the prophet has commented on the whole of the Qur’an, others including Ghazali cite the limited amount of narratives, thus indicating that he has commented only on a portion of the Qur’an.
These interpretations have not been collected independently in a book, rather, they have been recorded in hadith books, under the topic of tafsir, along with other narrations of the prophet. After the death of Muhammad, his companisions, the Sahabah, undertook the task of interpretation, thus starting a new age in tafsir. Most of the Sahabah, including Abu Bakr refrained from commenting with their personal views, and only narrated comments by Muhammad. Others including ibn Abbas used their own knowledge from the Arabic language to interpret the Qur’an. At this stage, the Qur’an was still not fully interpreted, and commentaries were not separated from the hadith collection nor written separately, mainly due to other occupations such as the collection of the Qur’an.
By the time of the next generations ensuing the Sahabah, the tabi’inscholars started using a wide range of sources for tafsir. The whole of the Qur’an is interpreted, and narrations are separated from tafsir into separate books and literature. Classical Arabic: Is how one learns the meaning of each word. It is not permissible for one who holds faith in Allah and the Day of Judgment to speak on the Quran without learning classical Arabic. Quran may be altogether different. Arabic Philology: Is important because any change in the diacritical marks affects the meaning, and understanding the diacritical marks depends on the science of Arabic philology.