This article is about the Hindu goddess. Saraswati meaning “one who leads saraswati puja mantra bengali pdf essence of self-knowledge”.
Saraswati, then, connotes a river deity. In Book 2, the Rigveda describes Saraswati as the best of mothers, of rivers, of goddesses. Best Mother, best of Rivers, best of Goddesses, Sarasvatī, We are, as ’twere, of no repute and dear Mother, give thou us renown. I come up out of them pure and cleansed.
In hymns of Book 10 of Rigveda, she is already declared to be the “possessor of knowledge”. Sastras, Saraswati is invoked to remind the reader to meditate on virtue, virtuous emoluments, the meaning and the very essence of one’s activity, one’s action. Some may wonder as to what would be the relation of Saraswati and Lord Vishnu. She is a very close relative of Thirumal. Saraswati is known by many names in ancient Hindu literature. Saraswati goddess is found in temples of Southeast Asia, islands of Indonesia and Japan. She is depicted with a musical instrument in Japan, and is a deity of knowledge, music, and everything that flows.
Saraswati is found in almost every major ancient and medieval Indian literature between 1000 BC to 1500 AD. In Hindu tradition, she has retained her significance as a goddess from the Vedic age up to the present day. Saraswati is called the mother of the Vedas, and later as the celestial creative symphony who appeared when Brahma created the universe. Saraswati is the active energy and power of Brahma. Buddhist pantheon, she has been symbolically represented similar to regional Hindu iconography, but unlike the more well known depictions of Saraswati. Saraswati images are depicted with symbolism. She not only embodies knowledge but also the experience of the highest reality.
Sattwa Guna or purity, discrimination for true knowledge, insight and wisdom. She is generally shown to have four arms, but sometimes just two. Brahma represents the abstract, she action and reality. A pot of water represents the purifying power to separate right from wrong, the clean from the unclean, and essence from the inessential. It thus symbolizes the ability to discriminate between good and evil, essence from outward show and the eternal from the evanescent. Due to her association with the swan, Saraswati is also referred to as Hamsavāhini, which means “she who has a hamsa as her vehicle”. The swan is also a symbolism for spiritual perfection, transcendence and moksha.
The peacock symbolizes colorful splendor, celebration of dance, and – as the devourer of snakes – the alchemical ability to transmute the serpent poison of self into the radiant plumage of enlightenment. She is usually depicted near a flowing river or other body of water, which depiction may constitute a reference to her early history as a river goddess. Maha Saraswati is depicted as eight-armed and is often portrayed holding a Veena whilst sitting on a white lotus flower. Wielding in her lotus-hands the bell, trident, ploughshare, conch, pestle, discus, bow, and arrow, her lustre is like that of a moon shining in the autumn sky. That Mahasaraswati I worship here who destroyed Sumbha and other asuras.
Durga, revered as powerful and dangerous goddesses in eastern India. All of these are seen ultimately as aspects of a single great Hindu goddess, with Maha Saraswati as one of those nine. Nila Saraswati is a different deity from traditional Saraswati, yet subsumes her knowledge and creative energy in tantric literature. In tantric literature of the former, Nilasaraswati has a 100 names. Her temples, like her iconography, often resonate in white themes.
There are many temples dedicated to Saraswati around the world. Saraswati temple about 25 kilometres from Tiruvarur. Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. One of the most famous festivals associated with Goddess Saraswati is the Hindu festival of Vasant Panchami. Hindus celebrate this festival in temples, homes and educational institutes alike. On this day, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped in schools, colleges, educational institutes as well as in institutes associated with music and dance.
Cultural programmes are also organised in schools and institutes on this day. In these states, on the ocassion of Saraswati Puja, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped in the form of idol, made up of soil. Saraswati Puja starts with Saraswati Avahan on Maha Saptami and ends on Vijayadashami with Saraswati Udasan or Visarjan. Saraswathi Devi idol at home. Ashtami, Navami, and Dashami, are celebrated as Sarasvati Puja. It consists of placing the books for puja on the Ashtami day.
It may be in one’s own house, in the local nursery school run by traditional teachers, or in the local temple. Children are happy, since they are not expected to study on these days. On the Vijaya Dashami day, Kerala celebrates the Ezhuthiniruthu or Initiation of Writing for the little children before they are admitted to nursery schools. This is also called Vidyarambham. The child is made to write for the first time on the rice spread in a plate with the index finger, guided by an elder of the family or by a teacher. The wisdom of eloquence called Saraswati shall dwell in mouth of King Sri Tribhuwanadityadhammaraja at all times”. Students in Myanmar pray for her blessings before their exams.
She is also believed to be, in Mahayana pantheon of Myanmar, the protector of Buddhist scriptures. Worship of Benzaiten arrived in Japan during the 6th through 8th centuries. Island in Seto Inland Sea. She and Brahma are referred to in Cambodian epigraphy from the 7th century onwards, and she is praised by Khmer poets for being goddess of eloquence, writing and music. More offerings were made to her than to her husband Brahma. Over time, Hindu and Buddhist concepts on deities merged in Thailand.