Buddha” and “Gautama” redirect here. Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism. Buddhists to have been summarized after his death pali text society the majjhima-nikaya volume ii part ii pdf memorized by his followers.
Ancient kingdoms and cities of India during the time of the Buddha. Scholars are hesitant to make unqualified claims about the historical facts of the Buddha’s life. Buddha most certainly must have been acquainted with. Pali canon frequently depicts Buddha engaging in debate with the adherents of rival schools of thought. Buddha two different forms of meditative techniques. Thus, Buddha was just one of the many śramaṇa philosophers of that time.
Buddha was a reformist within the śramaṇa movement, rather than a reactionary against Vedic Brahminism. The times of Gautama’s birth and death are uncertain. Most historians in the early 20th century dated his lifetime as circa 563 BCE to 483 BCE. 20 years either side of 400 BCE for the Buddha’s death.
These alternative chronologies, however, have not been accepted by all historians. Indian subcontinent in the 5th century BCE. No written records about Gautama were found from his lifetime or some centuries thereafter. BCE to the third century CE. The sources for the life of Siddhārtha Gautama are a variety of different, and sometimes conflicting, traditional biographies. Chinese translations of this date between the 3rd and 6th century CE. Traditional biographies of Gautama generally include numerous miracles, omens, and supernatural events.