Ii-V-I turnaround in C four-part harmony. File:Ii-V-I turnaround in Music in theory and practice eighth edition volume 1 pdf four-part harmony.
A cadence is labelled more or less “weak” or “strong” depending on its sense of finality. Perfect authentic cadence in C major. File:Perfect authentic cadence in C major. Imperfect authentic cadence in C.
File:Imperfect authentic cadence in C. This cadence is a microcosm of the tonal system, and is the most direct means of establishing a pitch as tonic. It is virtually obligatory as the final structural cadence of a tonal work”. Beethoven – Piano Sonata, Op. File:Beethoven – Piano Sonata, Op.
A perfect cadence is a progression from V to I in major keys, and V to i in minor keys. This is generally the strongest type of cadence and often found at structurally defining moments. This strong cadence achieves complete harmonic and melodic closure”. It has to be noted that Beethoven in particular gets so much mileage out of this cadence as for it to become one of his most characteristic and recognisable musical thumbprints. The Diabelli Variations and the C major climax of the slow movement of the Opus 132 String Quartet – even though it is described as being in Lydian mode on F – are two powerful examples. Because the seventh must fall step wise, it forces the cadence to resolve to the less stable first inversion chord. Phrygian half cadence in C.