Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans’ innate curiosity. Maslow used the terms “physiological”, “safety”, “belonging and love”, “esteem”, “self-actualization”, and “self-transcendence” to describe the pattern that human motivations generally move through. Initiation in the great pyramid pdf goal of Maslow’s Theory is to attain the sixth level or stage: self transcendent needs.
The most fundamental and basic four layers of the pyramid contain what Maslow called “deficiency needs” or “d-needs”: esteem, friendship and love, security, and physical needs. The human brain is a complex system and has parallel processes running at the same time, thus many different motivations from various levels of Maslow’s hierarchy can occur at the same time. Maslow spoke clearly about these levels and their satisfaction in terms such as “relative”, “general”, and “primarily”. Instead of stating that the individual focuses on a certain need at any given time, Maslow stated that a certain need “dominates” the human organism. Thus Maslow acknowledged the likelihood that the different levels of motivation could occur at any time in the human mind, but he focused on identifying the basic types of motivation and the order in which they would tend to be met.
Physiological needs are the physical requirements for human survival. If these requirements are not met, the human body cannot function properly and will ultimately fail. Once a person’s physiological needs are relatively satisfied, their safety needs take precedence and dominate behavior. This level is more likely to predominate in children as they generally have a greater need to feel safe. This need is especially strong in childhood and it can override the need for safety as witnessed in children who cling to abusive parents.