It is generally a personal choice to hold oneself to honest work business ethics reader pdf moral and ethical standards. As such, one may judge that others “have integrity” to the extent that they act according to the values, beliefs and principles they claim to hold. Dworkin’s position on integrity in law reinforces the conception of justice viewed as fairness.
An individual must therefore be flexible and willing to adjust these values to maintain consistency when these values are challenged—such as when an expected test result is not congruent with all observed outcomes. Integrity can be seen as the state or condition of having such a framework, and acting congruently within the given framework. In law, this principle of universal application requires that even those in positions of official power be subject to the same laws as pertain to their fellow citizens. In personal ethics, this principle requires that one should not act according to any rule that one would not wish to see universally followed. For example, one should not steal unless one would want to live in a world in which everyone was a thief. When caught, he defended his actions in terms of the fact-value distinction.
He scoffed at those, like the professors from whom he learned the fact-value distinction, who still lived their lives as if there were truth-value to value claims. He thought they were fools and that he was one of the few who had the courage and integrity to live a consistent life in light of the truth that value judgments, including the command “Thou shalt not kill,” are merely subjective assertions. Integrity is important for politicians because they are chosen, appointed, or elected to serve society. To be able to serve, politicians are given power to make, execute, or control policy. They have the power to influence something or someone. There is, however, a risk that politicians will not use this power to serve society. Aristotle said that because rulers have power they will be tempted to use it for personal gain.