In politics, liberty consists freedom the end of the human condition pdf the social and political freedoms to which all community members are entitled. As such, the exercise of liberty is subject to capability and limited by the rights of others. Philosophers from earliest times have considered the question of liberty. While not specifically mentioning Hobbes, he attacks Sir Robert Filmer who had the same definition.
In the state of nature, liberty consists of being free from any superior power on Earth. People are not under the will or lawmaking authority of others but have only the law of nature for their rule. In political society, liberty consists of being under no other lawmaking power except that established by consent in the commonwealth. People are free from the dominion of any will or legal restraint apart from that enacted by their own constituted lawmaking power according to the trust put in it. Thus, freedom is not as Sir Robert Filmer defines it: ‘A liberty for everyone to do what he likes, to live as he pleases, and not to be tied by any laws. Freedom is constrained by laws in both the state of nature and political society. Freedom of nature is to be under no other restraint but the law of nature.
Freedom of people under government is to be under no restraint apart from standing rules to live by that are common to everyone in the society and made by the lawmaking power established in it. 1215, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval Latin, using standard abbreviations of the period. British Library Cotton MS Augustus II. US by France and is an artistic personification of liberty. The modern concept of political liberty has its origins in the Greek concepts of freedom and slavery. That was the original Greek concept of freedom. This, then, is one note of liberty which all democrats affirm to be the principle of their state.
Another is that a man should live as he likes. This, they say, is the privilege of a freeman, since, on the other hand, not to live as a man likes is the mark of a slave. This applied only to free men. In Athens, for instance, women could not vote or hold office and were legally and socially dependent on a male relative.