This article is about the comic performer. Unsourced material may fool for love play script pdf challenged and removed. File:1954 Episode of the TV series “Super Circus”.
Clowns have a varied tradition with significant variations in costume and performance. Their entertainment style is generally designed to entertain large audiences, especially at a distance. 19th to mid 20th centuries. Many circus clowns have become well known and are a key circus act in their own right. He became so dominant on the London comic stage that harlequinade Clowns became known as “Joey”, and both the nickname and Grimaldi’s whiteface make-up design were, and still are, used by other types of clowns.
This style of comedy has a long history in many countries and cultures across the world. Some writers have argued that due to the widespread use of such comedy and its long history it is a need that is part of the human condition. England in the 17th century, inspired by the commedia dell’arte. It was here that “Clown” came into use as the given name of a stock character. Clown was a buffoon or bumpkin fool who resembled less a jester than a comical idiot. He was a lower class character dressed in tattered servants’ garb. Grimaldi built the character up into the central figure of the harlequinade.
London riding school, which opened in 1768. Astley added a clown to his shows to amuse the spectators between equestrian sequences. 1870, acting as a foil for the more sophisticated “white clown”. Belling’s costume became the template for the modern stock character of circus or children’s clown, based on a lower class or “hobo” character, with red nose, white makeup around the eyes and mouth, and oversized clothes and shoes. 1960 and was received nationally via cable television from 1978. 1962, first performed as the mascot in 1963 television spots. US custom of “birthday clown”, private contractors who offer to perform as clowns at children’s parties, developed in the 1960s to 1970s.
There are different types of clowns portrayed around the world. Originally, Harlequin’s role was that of a light-hearted, nimble and astute servant, paired with the sterner and melancholic Pierrot. Harlequin was now paired with Clown. As developed by Joseph Grimaldi around 1800, Clown became the mischievous and brutish foil for the more sophisticated Harlequin, who became more of a romantic character. The most influential such pair in Victorian England were the Payne Brothers, active during the 1860s and 1870s. French, is a sophisticated character, as opposed to the clumsy auguste. The Auguste face base makeup color is a variation of pink, red, or tan rather than white.
Features are exaggerated in size, and are typically red and black in color. Appropriate to the character, the auguste can be dressed in either well-fitted garb or in a costume that does not fit — either oversize or too small is appropriate. Bold colors, large prints or patterns, and suspenders often characterize Auguste costumes. The auguste character-type is often an anarchist, a joker, or a fool. He is clever and has much lower status than the whiteface.
Classically the whiteface character instructs the auguste character to perform his bidding. The auguste has a hard time performing a given task, which leads to funny situations. Sometimes the auguste plays the role of an anarchist and purposefully has trouble following the whiteface’s directions. Sometimes the auguste is confused or is foolish and makes errors less deliberately. He has a lower status than the white clown but a higher status than the auguste. He aspires to be more like the white clown and often mimics everything the white clown does to try to gain approval.
If there is a contra-auguste character, he often is instructed by the whiteface to correct the auguste when he is doing something wrong. His makeup is white, usually with facial features such as eyebrows emphasized in black. Bud Abbot would have been the classic whiteface and Lou Costello the comedy whiteface or Auguste. Traditionally, the whiteface clown uses “clown white” makeup to cover the entire face and neck, leaving none of the underlying natural skin visible.
In the European whiteface makeup, the ears are painted red. He began by painting a white base over his face, neck and chest before adding red triangles on the cheeks, thick eyebrows and large red lips set in a mischievous grin. Grimaldi’s design is used by many modern clowns. Fox popularised the Humpty Dumpty stories throughout the land in the first half of the 19th century in America. The character clown makeup is a comic slant on the standard human face. Their makeup starts with a flesh tone base and may make use of anything from glasses, mustaches and beards to freckles, warts, big ears or strange haircuts.