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Calvin as the chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world. He continued to support the reform movement in Geneva, and in 1541 he was invited back to lead the church of the city. Following an influx of supportive refugees and new elections to the city council, Calvin’s opponents were forced out. Calvin spent his final years promoting the Reformation both in Geneva and throughout Europe. He was the first of four sons who survived infancy. She died of an unknown cause in Calvin’s childhood, after having borne four more children.
1531, after suffering for two years with testicular cancer. Gérard intended his three sons — Charles, Jean, and Antoine — for the priesthood. Young Calvin was particularly precocious. He also won the patronage of an influential family, the Montmors. Gérard believed that Calvin would earn more money as a lawyer than as a priest. Humanism was a European intellectual movement which stressed classical studies. Some have placed the date of his conversion around 1533, shortly before he resigned his chaplaincy.
In this view, his resignation is the direct evidence for his conversion to the evangelical faith. Parker argues that while this date is a terminus for his conversion, the more likely date is in late 1529 or early 1530. The main evidence for his conversion is contained in two significantly different accounts of his conversion. God by a sudden conversion subdued and brought my mind to a teachable frame, which was more hardened in such matters than might have been expected from one at my early period of life. Having thus received some taste and knowledge of true godliness, I was immediately inflamed with so intense a desire to make progress therein, that although I did not altogether leave off other studies, yet I pursued them with less ardour. Being exceedingly alarmed at the misery into which I had fallen, and much more at that which threatened me in view of eternal death, I, duty bound, made it my first business to betake myself to your way, condemning my past life, not without groans and tears.
And now, O Lord, what remains to a wretch like me, but instead of defence, earnestly to supplicate you not to judge that fearful abandonment of your Word according to its deserts, from which in your wondrous goodness you have at last delivered me. Scholars have argued about the precise interpretation of these accounts, but most agree that his conversion corresponded with his break from the Roman Catholic Church. After uneventful trips to Orléans and his hometown of Noyon, Calvin returned to Paris in October 1533. On 1 November 1533 he devoted his inaugural address to the need for reform and renewal in the Roman Catholic Church. Calvin, a close friend of Cop, was implicated in the offence, and for the next year he was forced into hiding. Roman Catholic church responded with violence against the would-be Reformers and their sympathizers.
Calvin to stay in Geneva. He also intended it to serve as an elementary instruction book for anyone interested in the Christian faith. Calvin updated the work and published new editions throughout his life. By June he was back in Paris with his brother Antoine, who was resolving their father’s affairs. Catholic faith, Calvin decided that there was no future for him in France. French reformer residing in the city, implored him to stay and assist him in his work of reforming the church there, insisting that it was his pious duty. Then Farel, who was working with incredible zeal to promote the gospel, bent all his efforts to keep me in the city.
And when he realized that I was determined to study in privacy in some obscure place, and saw that he gained nothing by entreaty, he descended to cursing, and said that God would surely curse my peace if I held back from giving help at a time of such great need. Terrified by his words, and conscious of my own timidity and cowardice, I gave up my journey and attempted to apply whatever gift I had in defense of my faith. Calvin accepted his new role without any preconditions on his tasks or duties. The office to which he was initially assigned is unknown. He was eventually given the title of “reader”, which most likely meant that he could give expository lectures on the Bible.