Does history have a teleological sense? History as a little history of philosophy pdf: Is history always written by the victors?
In keeping with philosophy of history, it is clear that their philosophy of value imposed upon their process of writing history—philosophy influenced method and hence product. History was supposed to teach good examples for one to follow. The assumption that history “should teach good examples” influenced how writers produced history. Events of the past are just as likely to show bad examples that one should not follow, but classical historians would either not record such examples or would re-interpret them to support their assumption of history’s purpose. Such societies saw history as cyclical, with alternating Dark and Golden Ages.
Some scholars identify just four ages, corresponding to the four metals, with the Heroic age as a description of the Bronze Age. Hence, theodicies explained the necessity of evil as a relative element that forms part of a larger plan of history. He thought that the soul of the West was dead and that Caesarism was about to begin. Thus, reconciling humans’ predisposition for emotionally self-interested behavior with the imperatives of human dignity appears as the one of the most important challenges to global policymakers.
At national level, they have to protect their citizens against violence and provide them with access to food, housing, clothes, health care, and education. Basic welfare provision and security are fundamental to ensuring human dignity. Environment and ecological considerations need to be addressed as well. Finally, cultural diversity, inclusiveness and participation at all levels, of all communities are key imperatives of human dignity. Instead, it argues that human civilisation should not be thought of as consisting of numerous separate and competing civilisations, but rather it should be thought of collectively as only one human civilisation. The Ocean Model of one Human Civilization”.
At points where geo-cultural domains first enter the ocean of human civilisation, there is likely to be a concentration or dominance of that culture. However, over time, all the rivers of geo-cultural domains become one. There is fluidity at the ocean’s centre and cultures have the opportunity to borrow between them. Nevertheless, there are cases where geographical proximity of various cultures can also lead to friction and conflict. A genuine global effort is required to meet the minimum criteria of human dignity globally. Areas such as conflict prevention, socio-economic justice, gender equality, protection of human rights, environmental protection require a holistic approach and a common action. Enlightenment, history began to be seen as both linear and irreversible.
One is responsible for this immaturity and dependence, if its cause is not a lack of intelligence or education, but a lack of determination and courage to think without the direction of another. Thus, autonomy ultimately relied on the individual’s “determination and courage to think without the direction of another. Hegel as the motor of history. Roads, fields, fences, and all the modern infrastructure in which we live is the result of this spiritualization of nature. Hegel thus explained social progress as the result of the labour of reason in history. One more word about giving instruction as to what the world ought to be.
Philosophy in any case always comes on the scene too late to give it When philosophy paints its gray in gray, then has a shape of life grown old. By philosophy’s gray in gray it cannot be rejuvenated but only understood. Philosophy is always late, it is only an interpretation of what is rational in the real—and, according to Hegel, only what is recognized as rational is real. Inspired by the Enlightenment’s ideal of progress, social evolutionism became a popular conception in the 19th century. Maine described the direction of progress as “from status to contract,” from a world in which a child’s whole life is pre-determined by the circumstances of his birth, toward one of mobility and choice.
Darwin’s works, which would be later interpreted as social Darwinism. Hence, a child goes through all the steps from primitive society to modern society. Progress was not necessarily, however, positive. Whig interpretation had gone out of style. The bloodletting of that conflict had indicted the whole notion of linear progress. We civilizations now know ourselves mortal.
However, the notion itself didn’t completely disappear. A key component to making sense of all of this is to simply recognize that all these issues in social evolution merely serve to support the suggestion that how one considers the nature of history will impact the interpretation and conclusions drawn about history. The critical under-explored question is less about history as content and more about history as process. The history of the world is but the biography of great men.